What Causes Sperm Disorders?

(July 3, 2013)

Sperm disorders are problems that affect the production, development, maturity or the emission of sperm. These disorders interfere with a man’s chances of conceiving and could also lead to male infertility. There are mainly 4 types of sperm disorders that affect a man’s chances of fathering a baby, which include:

  • The abnormal shape of sperm or Tertaspermia
  • The low concentration of sperm or Oligospermia
  • The poor motility of sperm or Asthenospermia
  • The total lack of sperm in the semen or Azoospermia

There are several different factors that could lead to sperm disorders in men. Given below are the most common causes of sperm disorders:

  • Ageing
  • Chromosomal abnormalities
  • Excess stress
  • High exposure to environmental toxins
  • Hormonal problems
  • Malnutrition or following a poor diet
  • Medical conditions, disorders, infections or injuries
  • Physical problems such as testicular failure, previous vasectomy or an obstruction
  • Unhealthy practices like drinking excess alcohol, smoking and the use of illegal drugs

Fortunately, most cases of sperm disorder can be treated, greatly improving chances of conception. The course of treatment depends entirely on the factors that cause the problem. It is important for men to undergo certain diagnostic tests in order to determine the exact cause of the problem. Sperm disorder diagnosis usually includes semen analysis and genetic testing. The treatment of sperm disorders could include:

  • Drug therapy
  • Use of natural remedies and herbs
  • Following a healthy diet and incorporating certain lifestyle changes
  • Quitting practices like drinking alcohol, smoking and taking recreational drugs
  • Surgery to treat obstructions

Several couples opt for Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) / Medically Assisted Conception (MAC) in certain cases. ART or MAC does not improve the quality or quantity of sperm in any way; instead, these methods create an environment to improve the chances of conception. ART techniques include In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm injection (ICSI) and Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI).

Submitted by s s on July 3, 2013 at 12:58

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