Hypertension Symptoms & Ischemic Heart Disease

Submitted by Kevin Pederson on July 31, 2012

What Is Hypertension: Hypertension is a precursor to cardiac disease. Considered the silent killer, hypertension can seemingly come from out of nowhere.


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Some people may think that the symptoms are actually something more benign and this can lead to irreparable damage and even death. Some symptoms of hypertension include mild to moderate headaches, blurry vision, and kidney problems. If looked at individually, these symptoms may not amount to much and can in fact be confused with other minor ailments.

Therein lies the problem, as if left untreated these symptoms can lead to heart disease and heart and kidney failure.

Once these symptoms have progressed you may start showing signs of heart failure.

These include, but are not limited to:

  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in the chest or shoulders. This pain can also be located extending down one arm.
  • Edema in the feet and/or ankles
  • Swollen abdomen
  • A racing or irregular pulse
  • Light headedness
  • Fatigue
  • Heartburn
  • Increased nighttime urination.

Again, if taken one at a time, these symptoms can be overlooked as causing a problem. If you do not tell your doctor all of your symptoms, even if you don't think they are related, you can be misdiagnosed. This is especially true for women. Women have a tendency to have symptoms with a lighter intensity.

Classically, we think of a heart attack as a man all of sudden clutching his chest in pain. He may have difficulty breathing and be sweating profusely. These are all obvious observable symptoms. Unfortunately, this is not always the case.

Hypertension can cause different types of heart problems: heart failure, ischemic heart disease, and left ventricular hypertrophy. Heart failure is not necessarily a complete shutdown of the heart. What this means is the heart is not pumping normally. It is weaker than it should be. This can happen when the muscle walls weaken and are unable to pump the blood strongly. This will also cause the kidneys to have issues because the kidneys will try to retain fluids to counteract the heart. This can lead to renal failure too.

Ischemic heart disease is caused when the heart muscle is not getting enough blood. This can be caused by a hardening of the arteries and may lead to a heart attack. The symptoms can be chest pain with nausea, shortness of breath, and dizziness. You may feel weak and overly tired and have an irregular pulse. The chest pain may not be just in your chest, it may go into the shoulders and neck or radiate down the arms. If you have these symptoms, you need to seek medical help immediately.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy occurs when the muscle walls abnormally thicken. This can keep the heart valves from functioning properly. The symptoms can include: chest pain, irregular pulse, rapid heartbeat, fainting, shortness of breath, and fatigue.

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